Liberty was a 19th century peroidical published in the United States by American individualist anarchist Benjamin Tucker. It was published from August 1881 to April 1908. The periodical was instrumental in developing and formalizing the individualist anarchist philosophy through publishing essays and serving as a format for debate. Contributors included Benjamin Tucker, Lysander Spooner, Auberon Herbert, Joshua K. Ingalls, John Henry Mackay, Victor Yarros, and Wordsworth Donisthorpe, James L. Walker, J. William Lloyd, Florence Finch Kelly, Voltairine de Cleyre, Steven T. Byington, John Beverley Robinson, Jo Labadie, Lillian Harman, and Henry Appleton. Included in its masthead, is a quote from Pierre-Joseph Proudhon saying that liberty is "Not the Daughter But the Mother of Order".

Benjamin Tucker made it clear that the purpose of the journal was to further his point of view, saying in the first issue that the "journal will be edited to suit its editor, not its readers. He hopes that what suits him will suit them; but, if not, it will make no difference. No subscriber, or body of subscribers, will be allowed to govern his course, dictate his policy, or prescribe his methods. Liberty is published for the very definite purpose of spreading certain ideas, and no claim will be admitted, on any pretext of freedom of speech, to waste its limited space in hindering the attainment of that object. We are not afraid of discussion, and shall do what we can to make room for short, serious, and well-considered objection to our views." However, the journal did become a forum for argumentation of diverse views. Tucker credited both Proudhon and Josiah Warren as influences for Liberty. He says of Proudhon: "Liberty is...a journal brought into existence almost as a direct consequences of the teachings of Proudhon..." (Liberty I). He later said that Liberty was "the foremost organ of Josiah Warren's doctrines" (Liberty IX).

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